Myanmar’s generals have seized energy in a coup, plunging the Southeast Asian nation into renewed political turmoil, with lots of of hundreds of demonstrators rallying throughout the nation demanding the discharge of elected chief Aung San Suu Kyi and the restoration of civilian rule.
The army takeover on February 1 drew international condemnation: The US, UK, Canada, New Zealand and the EU have all introduced chosen sanctions on the nation’s generals, whereas China has expressed concern, saying that “the present growth in Myanmar is totally not what China needs to see”.
As each day protests proceed to grip the nation, fears of a violent crackdown are rising.
Here’s a timeline of occasions for the reason that coup.
February 1: The army detains Aung San Suu Kyi, President Win Myint and different senior figures from the ruling Nationwide League for Democracy (NLD) in an early morning raid, hours earlier than Myanmar’s new parliament was set to satisfy for its first session.
The army, recognized domestically because the Tatmadaw, declares a state of emergency for a yr, and says it took motion due to alleged fraud within the November election that the NLD received in a landslide.
It fingers over all govt, legislative and judicial powers to Senior Common Min Aung Hlaing.
The NLD publishes an announcement on behalf of Aung San Suu Kyi written earlier than she was detained, urging individuals to protest towards the coup.
February 2: US designates the army takeover a coup.
In Myanmar’s largest metropolis, Yangon, individuals bang pots and pans and sound automotive horns in protest. Docs and pupil teams name for civil disobedience campaigns.
February 3: Workers at 70 hospitals and medical departments throughout Myanmar cease work. Others put on crimson ribbons as a part of a civil disobedience marketing campaign.
The NLD’s workplaces in a number of areas of the nation are raided, with paperwork, computer systems and laptops taken.
Myanmar police file prices towards Aung San Suu Kyi and search her detention till February 15. A police doc says army officers who searched her house discovered six hand-held radios that had been imported illegally and used with out permission.
Prices are additionally filed towards President Win Myint for violating protocols to cease the unfold of the coronavirus.
The generals block Fb, in addition to its Messenger and WhatsApp companies, for the sake of “stability”.
February 4: A gaggle of protesters wave banners and chant anti-coup slogans in Mandalay, Myanmar’s second-biggest metropolis, within the first such road protest towards the military takeover. At the very least three individuals are arrested.
The United Nations Safety Council requires the discharge of Aung San Suu Kyi and others detained by the army, however stops in need of condemning the coup.
February 5: Academics and a few authorities employees be part of the Civil Disobedience motion, saying they won’t work for the authorities until the elected authorities is restored.
Japanese beverage group Kirin terminates its alliance with Myanmar Financial Holdings (MEHL), a army conglomerate.
February 6: The Tatmadaw orders blocks on Twitter and Instagram, the place protesters had been sharing data, after which a blackout of all the web. Tens of hundreds of individuals take to the streets to protest towards the coup in Yangon and different cities.
February 7: Protests sweep Myanmar within the largest present of mass anger since a 2007 rebellion by Buddhist monks that helped result in democratic reforms.
Web entry is restored, however social media platforms stay blocked.
February 8: Navy imposes a curfew in Yangon, Mandalay and different townships, and bans gatherings of greater than 5 individuals in a bid to stamp out rising protests.
Min Aung Hlaing makes first televised tackle to the nation and guarantees to carry new elections in a yr and hand energy to the winners.
February 9: Police fireplace weapons largely into the air, and use water cannon and rubber-coated bullets to attempt to clear protesters within the capital Naypyidaw.
One younger girl is shot within the head with a stay bullet. Docs say she is unlikely to outlive.
New Zealand suspends high-level contact with Myanmar and imposes journey bans on its high generals.
February 11: The US imposes sanctions on Myanmar’s performing president and a number of other different army officers and warns the generals there might be extra financial punishment to come back.
Ming Aung Hlaing urges authorities workers to return to work in his first public remarks on the protests towards him.
February 12: Tons of of hundreds be part of nationwide pro-democracy demonstrations, with three individuals wounded by rubber-coated bullets in clashes with police.
The UN Human Rights Council urges Myanmar to launch Aung San Suu Kyi and different officers, and chorus from violence towards individuals protesting towards the coup.
February 13: The army suspends legal guidelines constraining safety forces from detaining suspects or looking non-public property with out court docket approval and orders the arrest of well-known backers of mass protests.
It additionally threatens motion towards civil servants who refuse to return to work.
February 14: The civil disobedience motion spreads, disrupting air and prepare journey.
February 15: Armoured automobiles are deployed in most important cities and web entry is blocked as a decide extends Aung San Suu Kyi’s two-week detention by an extra two days.
February 16: Navy denies its removing of Aung San Suu Kyi’s elected authorities was a coup, as police file a second cost towards the de facto chief, accusing her of violating the nation’s Pure Catastrophe Legislation.
Chen Hai, China’s ambassador to Myanmar, responds to near-daily protests in entrance of the nation’s mission in Yangon, saying Beijing was not knowledgeable prematurely of the army takeover. He says the scenario was “completely not what China needs to see” and dismisses rumours of Chinese language involvement within the coup as “fully nonsense”.
February 17: Tons of of hundreds of individuals march once more as demonstrators in Yangon park their automobiles in the course of metropolis streets and bridges to forestall military vans from shifting to interrupt up protests.
February 18: The UK and Canada impose sanctions on Myanmar’s generals whereas Japan says it agrees with the US, India and Australia that democracy have to be restored shortly.
February 19: Mya Thwate Thwate Khaing, the younger girl shot within the head in Naypyidaw, dies from her wounds.
February 20: Safety forces open fireplace on hanging employees and different protesters at a Mandalay shipyard, killing at the least two individuals and wounding 20 extra.
Singapore condemns the killings as “inexcusable” and the UK threatens “additional motion”.
February 21: Undeterred by the violence, tens of hundreds of individuals rally once more in cities and cities throughout Myanmar.
Fb takes down the army’s most important web page for repeated violations of its requirements “prohibiting incitement of violence and coordinating hurt”. The army warns individuals towards collaborating in a deliberate common strike saying confrontation might price extra lives.
February 22: Protesters launch a common strike. Companies throughout the nation shut as protesters collect of their lots of of hundreds in what native media known as the most important protests for the reason that coup.
The US sanctions two extra generals concerned within the takeover, because the EU additionally declares sanctions on the army.