The chart beneath summarizes these stats by get together for the Home. (Word that we now have assigned vacant seats to the get together, if any, that final held them following the 2020 elections.)
The brand new Home has greater than 100 ladies for the second time in its historical past, although at 28% of the total chamber, ladies are nonetheless removed from parity with males. As proven on the map beneath, 2020 noticed a rebound for Republicans by doubling their proportion of the GOP after it had reached a historic low in 2018, although ladies are nonetheless solely 14% of Home Republicans in comparison with 40% of Democrats.
The following map beneath illustrates which members are new to the Home and that are returning veterans. In a reversal of 2018, 2020 noticed thrice as many Republicans than Democrats who had been elected for the primary time. (Word that Republican Reps. Claudia Tenney, Darrell Issa, and David Valadao are included among the many new members as a result of their earlier tenures in Congress had been non-consecutive with their present phrases.)
In a pointy distinction to 2018, when solely one of many 30 newly elected Republicans was a lady, the map beneath exhibits that ladies characterize 19 of the 46 Republicans first elected final November. Simply as in 2018, a majority of newly elected Democrats had been ladies, with 9 out of a complete 15.
And as proven on map beneath, which breaks down membership by race and ethnicity, 2020 noticed a really small enhance within the proportion of members who’re individuals of coloration—now greater than 27% of the overall—however which means we’ve as soon as once more set an all-time document.
The partisan divide in race and ethnicity stays sharp, as proven on the 2 maps beneath: Amongst Democrats, simply 56% are of solely white-European ancestry, however 91% of Home Republicans are.
Our ultimate maps illustrate the non secular affiliation of the 117th Home members, which the Pew Research Center authoritatively catalogs each two years. Christians comprise 88% of the Home, Jews are 6%, those that refused to say or whose affiliation is unknown are 3%, and Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, and Unitarian Universalists are every 1% or much less. Additional breaking down the 88% of members who determine as Christians, 54% of Home members are Protestants (together with each mainline and evangelicals), 31% are Catholics, 2% are Japanese Orthodox, and 1% are Mormons.
As proven beneath within the ultimate two maps, the partisan variations in non secular affiliation are even starker than racial and ethnic variations. Christians make up solely 79% of Democrats however are 99% of Republicans. All however three of the 50 members who don’t determine as Christians are Democrats.
In complete, heterosexual, Christian, non-Hispanic white males nonetheless make up 49% of the Home, roughly double their share of the overall inhabitants based on estimates from the 2019 Cooperative Congressional Election Study. Nonetheless, these numbers additionally sharply diverge by get together: This group makes up simply 25% of Home Democrats however 79% of Home Republicans.
Turning to the Senate, the higher chamber is far much less demographically consultant of the nation as a complete than the Home, as proven within the chart beneath.
Ladies make up 24% of the overall (an identical proportion to the Home): 32% of Democrats and 16% of Republicans. The Senate is considerably whiter than the Home: Solely 11% of senators are individuals of coloration, together with simply 16% of Democrats and 6% of Republicans. Heterosexual, Christian, non-Hispanic white males comprise 60% of the Senate, however identical to within the Home, these numbers differ considerably by get together: They make up 42% of Democratic senators however 78% of Republicans.
This information was compiled by Every day Kos Elections’ Stephen Wolf and Daniel Donner. Along with knowledge from Pew, we owe a particular because of the Asian Pacific American Institute for Congressional Studies, the Center for Responsive Politics, the Forward, Indian Country Today, the Justice Education Technology Political Advocacy Center, the LGBTQ Victory Fund, and Rutgers College’s Center for American Women and Politics for sharing a bunch of demographic knowledge with us.